👁‍🗨Ways of Making Someone do a Task! 👁‍🗨

wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder
edited June 14 in Higher Education

This principle is mentioned in ARTHA SHASTRA written by Acharya Chanakya.

The "Arthashastra" is an ancient book written by Chanakya around the 4th Century BCE on the art of politics, diplomacy, war, and national strategy. Chanakya (Kautilya, Vishnugupta) was a scholar at Takshashila (Taxila). Later he became the Prime Minister of the Maurya Empire and was a close associate and master of Chandragupta Maurya. Different scholars have translated the word "ArthaShastra" in different ways. Here are few: "Science of Politics", a treatise to help a king in "the acquisition and protection of the earth"; "Science of Material Gain"; "Science of Political Economy" etc

(Some words or phrases might be in Hindi so always feel free to ask if you don't understand any phrase or sentence.)

There are four ways of making someone do a task, stated as “Saam, Daam, Dand, and Bhed.” This sutra by Acharya Chanakya is used worldwide. Why? It works and is highly practical.

  • Saam: to advise and ask
  • Daam: to offer and buy
  • Dand: to punish
  • Bhed: exploiting the secrets

Saam: Just tell the person about your intentions and expectations. In doing so, you can be directindirectformal, or informal as per the situationtime, and place. Also, set the tone accordingly. It must be understood that the evaluation of the case is exceptionally critical. There are times when you are in a position to order someone, sometimes you have the option to negotiate, and there are times when you will require begging.

Remember that when your objective is critical, your pride should not prove a hindrance to its achievement. If things don’t go as planned on the first try, you can retry and retry with a different approach. Persistence is the key to all successful negotiations.

Hopefully, that should do the job. If for some reason, things go south, you can involve the next part of the strategy.

Example: telling a kid about the significance of good habits.

Daam: If the person understands, then that’s well, and good else try Daam over him/her. Money is not everything, but it can do miracles. This idea is quite similar to that of bribing. Sometimes the other party’s sole intention is to receive some just/unjust benefit from you. Unless his/her need/greed is handled carefully, the person won’t cooperate and continue being a problem.

Interestingly sometimes the mode of payment is non-monetary. Different people have different priorities, different expectations, and different demands. I repeat the analysis of the situation is critical.

The primary objective is to identify and exploit the greed within a guy. Sometimes, you might require to germinate the seed of greed in the person’s mind.

Example: telling the kid that he will get a bar of chocolate for doing good deeds.

Dand refers to punishment and can be applied to appropriate levels. The world-famous Niccolo Machiavelli said, ” It is better to be feared than loved if you cannot be both.” and long before him Tulsidas had said ” भय बिन होय न प्रीत. ” Not much explanation is needed as those two inspirational quotes are self-sufficient in explaining the whole concept.

When punishing, it shall be taken into consideration that:

  • You don’t break any rules
  • the punishment should be appropriate both in its nature and in quantity
  • should be implemented only when the other options have exhausted

Example: Restricting that kid from watching TV and playing video games. 

Anyhow, Dand can also fail in many scenarios. It fails not because the person being punished had high endurance, but due to your inability to punish. Seldom Dand is not even an option to consider especially against a mighty and stronger opponent.

In such scenarios comes handy the Niti of  ‘Bhed.’ This is the stuff that works every time without a single miss. To make it work is a totally different mess in itself (Almost all the time).

The whole idea is about exploiting the secrets of the targeted person, organization, and even country. Spy work, blackmail, treachery, and all other kinds of evil tools are employed to make things happen. The various kinds of implementations will vary as per the situation. There exists a unique weakness in everything and the neeti of bhed is all about exploiting that.

It is a bit disappointing to find people misusing the very concept of “Saam, Daam, Dand, & Bhed”. Better utilize it for a good cause. It is not the weapon, but the intention of its handler that counts.
* The concept of Chanakya Neeti explained above must be understood in a broader sense.
* Always abide by the law & order and be helpful to others.


  • wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder

    This is a "neeti" widely famous and we are even taught this in high school. What are your views about it? Is it too cruel? Or is it justified? Is it helpful?

  • reamadsreamads USAMember, Tallo Ambassador 🔮 | Paragon

    I think there are some good tips in this! And I love how you gave examples.

    But I do have to disagree with the comment about being feared more than loved. I'd much rather people not fear me.

  • MelMel Compton, CA Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder

    I bribe my brother with money and food so i guess i use Daam a lot

  • MonseC423MonseC423 United States📍Member, Tallo Ambassador 🔮 | Paragon

    Insightful post @wandering_soul!

    I have never heard of these strategies, and I think that it would be interesting to continue researching them. Thank you for putting in the time to explain these concepts!

  • wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder

    @reamads Actually the principle of "भय बिन होय न प्रीत" has been mentioned in several ancient books like "Mahabharta" & "Ramayana".

    There have been several instances that it has been proved as well! This was first mentioned by Lord Ram, there is a long mythological story in "Ramcharit Manas" textbook about this doctrine.

    It is said that if you have two options to make your work done: fear or love, it's much effective when you are feared rather than when you are loved. (here opponents are mainly strangers or someone you are just related to for having your work done. )

  • wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder

    @Mel You are already using Acharya Chanakya's concept! 🤣

  • wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder
  • MelMel Compton, CA Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder

    I try not to and when i do it's usually me getting him to clean his room or do some chores. and I agree what you said fear me rather then love me. I tell my bf and best friend that a lot. Help me with this more because you are scared of what will come if you dont rather then because you love who i am. @reamads we always want someone to love us but fear is what gets the job done.

  • reamadsreamads USAMember, Tallo Ambassador 🔮 | Paragon

    That is a good point that I didn't see! Thank you for explaining that.

  • VforVictoryVforVictory Member 💫 | Contributor


    The answer is rather simple: Mind control



    A 7-Step Guide to Mind Control: How to Quit Begging and Make People Want to Help You

    I found this article back in HS when I first started my mission to advocate for patients with disabilities. This part really influenced my approach to getting support.

    I must have "An unshakable belief that what you are doing is good for the world and the willingness to do anything to bring it into being. When you believe in your content, you don’t publish it and forget it. You promote it day after day, week after week, month after month, year after year, working tirelessly to spread the message to everyone who needs to hear it, and refusing to rest until they do...You grab people by the shoulders and look them in the eyes and tell them what you’re doing is changing the world, and it’s time for them to step up and do their part."

    With that being said, please imagine me grabbing you by the shoulders and looking you in the eyes while saying, "Sign language changes lives." 🤣

    Thanks for sharing this information. It's a different take on an important topic. :)

  • wandering_soulwandering_soul INDIA💫Member 🗺️ | Pathfinder


    Great approach!

    The article is helpful. Unfortunately, I didn't found it earlier or I would have included the link in the actual discussion. (T_T)

    Fun Fact:- these "neeti" are helpful and especially famous because they were written as early as the 4th century BCE.

    And this is just his one principle, he has written a whole book about his principles whose learnings are effective till date!

  • VforVictoryVforVictory Member 💫 | Contributor


    Well, people will see it now! :D :D :D

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